The white caliph

Back in February I profiled the “spectacularly vulgar” Sylvia Brooke, last consort of the Brooke dynasty, the “White Rajahs” of Sarawak. A British MP claimed that “a more undignified woman it would be hard to find”, but in the footnotes of the White Rajah adventure, itself a footnote in the history of Far East colonialism, lurks an even more extraordinary figure.

He was variously known as Haji Abdul Rahman, David Chale, the “Baron”. He was described as a “complete crook”, a “quisling”, an “undesirable character”, “a kind of evil genius”. He was the heir to an asylum and his tale embraces intrigue, treachery and a descent into Heart of Darkness-style tropical insanity.

Vyner and Sylvia Brooke

The man in question was born Gerard MacBryan in 1902, the son of an asylum owner who would take a young, petrified Gerard with him on his rounds, not suspecting that in his later years he would be an inmate of just such an institution.

Rejected from the Navy, MacBryan decided instead on service in the colonies. He arrived in the Far East in 1920, a tall, slim, handsome figure already exhibiting signs of eccentricity if not incipient insanity, plagued by hallucinations and delusions and given to self-serving, fact-free anecdotes. Nonetheless he began his rise through the ranks, aided by his gift for languages.

MacBryan first met Vyner Brooke, Rajah of Sarawak, and his wife Sylvia in 1920. Their association would endure for three decades in a twisted triangle of reciprocal suspicion and mutual exploitation. Vyner’s first impression of the young firebrand was succinct: “what a wonderful fellow; but he’s nuts”; Sylvia would later refer to the “evil seeds” in his brain. His tall tales brought to mind the notorious fabulist Baron von Münchhausen and the Brookes took to calling him “Baron”. But they also saw how he might serve their ends – for Vyner he became a willing tool for administrative dirty work while he schemed with Sylvia to secure the succession for her daughters. Vyner promoted and demoted him at will as he fell in and out of favour.

In 1930 it seemed MacBryan had finally overplayed his hand, and he was forced out. He went gold-digging in Australia, and while he found little below ground he struck it rich by marrying an heiress in 1932.


By 1935 MacBryan was back in Sarawak and back to his devious ways, straddling the fine line between “insanely ambitious” and plain old “insane”. He conjured a plan to establish something like a caliphate uniting the Muslim territories of East Asia under his rule. To this end he converted to Islam, adopted the name Abdul Rahman and, accompanied by his beautiful Malay mistress (and later wife), a one-time prostitute named Sa’erah, made the pilgrimage to Mecca. Out of this came the honorific “Haji” and a book about the trip published under the pseudonym David Chale, though some claimed the whole adventure was a Münchhausen-style fabrication.

Shortly after the outbreak of World War Two, Vyner — perhaps concluding that desperate times required desperate men — allowed MacBryan back into his service. He profited handsomely by helping to negotiate Sarawak’s transfer to constitutional rule in 1941, but he made some powerful enemies along the way. The Secretary of State for the Colonies called him a “crook”, while Anthony Brooke, Vyner’s nephew and heir apparent to the Sarawak throne called him an “impersonal and revolutionary monstrosity”.

Anthony Brooke

MacBryan followed Vyner to Australia and was in Sydney when the Japanese invaded Sarawak. MacBryan tried to make his way back there, alarming Allied authorities who were convinced that he wanted to form a puppet state. He had already used his language skills to broker a dubious land deal for the Japanese before the invasion. MacBryan was arrested in 1942 and taken to Singapore but freed shortly afterwards.

Despite his abysmal reputation, the Brookes retained MacBryan to wind up their affairs in Sarawak after Vyner turned his fiefdom over to the British in 1946. MacBryan functioned much in the manner of a financial administrator, but was increasingly in the grip of madness. His intriguing was by now truly pathological; Anthony’s father Bertram described a man who “can’t help indulging in scheming and meddling and political jugglery any more than people can help having clubfoot or arthritis”.

The exact circumstances of MacBryan’s decline are uncertain. Though rich on Sarawakian spoils he was arrested in Britain for the theft of a peach and subsequent assault of a policeman. When Sylvia visited him in a mental home, he ripped a diamond ring off her finger and claimed he was promised to Princess Margaret. MacBryan made his way to Hong Kong where he was arrested for unauthorised directing of traffic in 1953. He died shortly after.

Amazingly, there is still a living witness to this tale; Anthony Brooke, last heir to the Sarawak throne, works in New Zealand as a peace activist and today celebrates his 98th birthday.



  1. smookie

    where do u get all the facts about Sa’erah?

    • The information here comes mainly from the book Sylvia, Queen of the Headhunters by Philip Eade.

      • Bill

        He was a relative of mine I believe. Some of the info I believe to be inaccurate. Like the spelling of his name and activities in Australia. On first look it seems two people are being mistaken. I will try to narrow that down. Feel free to contact me torontobill on gmail.

  2. Pingback: Places: The Astana « Strange Flowers

  3. Pingback: Lady Ottoline Morrell | photographic portraits « Strange Flowers

  4. FitraAG

    Saerah’s is my great grandmother.

    • Jackie

      So did she remain in Sarawak? You mentioned that she’s your great grandmother. Would love to know more about her & your family history as I am from Sarawak also.

  5. Pingback: 10 Bizarre Ways People Tried To Take Over Whole Countries | ratermob

  6. Piers Smith

    I’d be interested in corresponding with anyone with knowledge of the MacBryan story — the claim that Saerah was a prostitute conflicts with Triumphant Pilgrimage (Owen Rutter’s occasionally fanciful account of the Mecca episode), just as his so-called madness appears to be resolved by Sylvia’s account of a visit to him in a London hospital in Queen of the Headhunters. Does anyone know anything about MacBryan’s childhood, and just what was MacBryan’s ancestry?

    • oobilly

      Lastname here (Canada) was McBrien but changed to MacBrien, (great uncle known as uncle australia (Ireland)). The spelling difference gets my attention. Gold. Australia. that too. Dates a bit different?
      So, what it may mean..who knows..throwing it out there.
      Quite a few of the name in Australia.
      How would a ‘an extra child’ out of wedlock be named?

  7. Benjamin

    Gerard MacBryan was my grandfather….. his Son Christopher Macbryan is my Father ….
    I have many questions aswell
    Contact me
    Kind regards

    • Annabel Walters

      Dear Benjamin, I’m writing a book about WW2 which encompasses Sarawak – my great uncle John Fisher was a civil servant there and part of a mission to help get Brits/Europeans out in Jan 1942 but his plane got shot down. He returned there with SOE in 1945. Would love to know more about the efforts your grandfather made to return there in 1942.
      Best wishes,
      Annabel Venning

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: